This IELTS Writing Process 2 pattern essay is a problems-solutions essay on the subject of plastic air pollution from Cambridge IELTS 16. This lesson in consists of my essay plan, my instance essay, a vocabulary listing and a fill-in-the-blanks exercise. So let’s get began!
Right here is the duty:
Plastic luggage, plastic bottles and plastic packaging are dangerous for the surroundings.
What harm does plastic do to the surroundings?
What could be finished by governments and people to resolve this downside?
Cambridge Basic Coaching 16 (Check 1)
This can be a subject that has been on the information rather a lot over the previous few years, particularly since Sir David Attenborough’s BBC documentary, BBC Planet II.
For those who’re struggling to generate concepts for this essay subject, learn Greenpeace’s web page about plastic air pollution.
What Harm? (Drawback)
Plastic in water provide
- When plastic degrades, tiny particles get washed into water provide. These are poisonous, so could cause illness, e.g. most cancers
Animals attempt to eat plastic
- Animals mistake them for meals. Causes issues
- Some animals could choke on plastic luggage and die
Make plastic packaging dearer.
- Further price of plastic will encourage folks to re-use plastic or keep away from it altogether
- Supermarkets can cost for utilizing plastic luggage, so folks will convey personal luggage.
Enhance water provide
- Many individuals purchase ingesting water in plastic bottles as a result of native water provide is poor (micro organism, heavy metals, e.g. Thailand, Turkey)
Right here is my visible plan for this essay. Click on on the picture to view it full-size.
Plastic use has elevated dramatically over the past 50 years, changing extra conventional packaging reminiscent of glass bottles, tins and paper luggage. Sadly, this has additionally resulted in an enormous quantity of plastic being discarded, and this has precipitated a lot of environmental issues.
One of many most important issues – one which has solely just lately been found – is that when plastic degrades, it releases tiny particles which ultimately get washed into the water provide. These particles could be poisonous if ingested in giant sufficient portions, and will even be carcinogenic. One other downside is that animals could mistake plastic objects for meals. For instance, seagulls typically mistake plastic luggage for jellyfish, and attempt to eat them, inflicting them to choke and die. Many bigger aquatic animals have been discovered washed up on seashores with their digestive programs filled with plastic materials.
So what could be finished about this? One of many apparent options is to make plastic packaging dearer so as to encourage folks to re-use plastic or keep away from it altogether. Supermarkets in lots of international locations have began to cost customers for plastic luggage and this has proved to achieve success, with many individuals bringing their very own reusable purchasing luggage. One other answer is perhaps to enhance native water provide. In lots of growing international locations, faucet water can’t be drunk as a result of it incorporates micro organism or heavy metals, so folks as a substitute purchase bottled water. Nevertheless, this creates a colossal quantity of plastic waste since these bottles are single-use. Serving to international locations like Thailand or Turkey modernise their home water provide infrastructure would subsequently result in a big discount in using plastic bottles.
To summarise, plastic packaging has dangerous results each on ingesting water and for animals, however making it dearer and enhancing entry to drinkable water within the growing world can go an extended approach to decreasing these issues.
Right here is among the language in my essay that might guarantee a excessive band rating. Notice that the majority of this language are phrases and collocations, not single phrases. Examiners are your skill to make use of “lexical objects” (i.e. teams of phrases) at Band 7 and above.
- glass bottles, tins and paper luggage
- an enormous quantity of plastic being discarded
- a lot of environmental issues
- has solely just lately been found
- plastic degrades
- releases tiny particles
- washed into the water provide
- aquatic animals
- washed up on seashores
- re-use plastic
- reusable purchasing luggage
- native water provide
- heavy metals
- colossal quantity of
- home water provide infrastructure
Are you able to re-create my essay? With out trying on the essay once more, fill within the lacking areas with the right phrases from my essay above. Good luck! (The exercise works finest on a desktop, laptop computer or pill pc).