Wednesday, February 21, 2024

IELTS Graph Train: Utilizing Language of Change


Directions

Determine which phrase or phrases match within the hole to create the right language of change.

1. The variety of registered voters within the district __________ by 15% between 2012 and 2016, reflecting a rising civic engagement.

has elevated

was rising

elevated

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

It is the previous easy for accomplished occasions/actions up to now (2012-2016).

2. The variety of college students pursuing on-line programs noticed a outstanding __________, with a 30% enhance from 2018 to 2020.

surge

surging

surged

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

A noun is required within the hole (be aware the ‘a’) so it’s ‘surge’. This can be a widespread graph over time construction: ‘Noun/noun part + verb (e.g. noticed/witnessed/skilled) + adjective + noun’.

3. Through the years 2012 and 2016, GDP in India __________.

grows steadily

grew steadily

grew regular

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

It have to be ‘grew’ as it’s the previous (2012-2016). ‘Steadily’ is the right type of the adverb to switch the verb.

4. Within the early 2000s, there was a __________ in using conventional mail providers, as digital communication strategies gained prevalence.

sharp decline

sharply declined

sharply declining

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

The construction wanted right here is adjective + noun. That is one other widespread construction for graphs over time: ‘There + to be + adjective + noun’.

5. The quantity of carbon dioxide emitted by industrial services __________ from 2010 as much as the current day.

step by step fell

had step by step fallen

has step by step fallen

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

We use the current excellent to explain occasions that began up to now and proceed as much as the present time. Graphs involving time are most frequently up to now solely however chances are you’ll for instance get a graph from the previous going into the longer term. This is able to thus additionally embody regardless of the present yr is.

6. The interval between 2013 and 2016 witnessed a __________ in client spending, with peaks akin to vacation seasons and troughs throughout financial downturns.

fluctuating sample

fluctuating patterns

fluctuated sample

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

‘Sample’ cannot be plural as it’s with ‘a’. The construction is adjective + noun, and ‘to fluctuate’ as an adjective is with -ing.

7. By 2019, the typical family measurement ___________ sharply, with households choosing smaller residing preparations.

has declined

had declined

declined

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

With the phrase “by + date (up to now)” we use the previous excellent tense (used to indicate a time limit up to now as much as one other more moderen time up to now). This can be a nice strategy to impress the examiner as they need to spot your use of this tense!

8. The information illustrates a constant upward pattern in academic attainment, with the variety of people holding levels ___________ over the last decade.

steadily rising

steadily rose

rose steadily

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

When the prepositions in, at, with, of, for, and about are used earlier than a verb, the verb should use -ing (a noun can also seem earlier than the verb). So ‘with’ on this context is adopted by ‘(noun) + verb-ing’, so it may’t be ‘rose’, which is a predominant verb. Thus it’s the current participle ‘rising’ preceded by the adverb ‘steadily’ (it may be ‘rising steadily’).

9. The quantity of rainfall within the area __________ within the 2000s, signalling a regarding pattern in water shortage.

vital decreased

reducing considerably

decreased considerably

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

“The quantity of…” or “The variety of…” is often adopted by ‘noun + verb + adverb”. It is previous easy as ‘2000s’ is the previous.

10. The information from 2005 to 2010 reveals a cyclic sample in housing costs, __________ intervals of development and contraction.

with alternated

with alternating

with alternate

Appropriate!

Unsuitable!

Bear in mind a verb if following a preposition resembling ‘with’ takes the -ing type, creating a gift participle part (‘alternating intervals of development and contraction’).



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